Tanya Borodina
sweden teaches
TO STAY ECOLOGICAL
How does the leading country in the utilization of renewable sources of energy meet its visitors? Approaching Sweden, through an airplane window you can discern gorgeous windmills out in the blue. There are around 1700 such wind turbines set all around the country, supplying 10% of national energy demands.

According to the polls, almost one third of the Sweden's population consider ecology and environmental pollution to be one of the most worrying subjects. When I moved to Sweden,
I got involved in it as well. During the first month, each foil and wrapper made me ponder over for a few moments to consider in which trash bin exactly it should be thrown into.

Here in Sweden it is conventional to sort domestic garbage, and we collect it in five to seven separate containers: plastic, cardboard, paper, organic waste, glass, metal, and unsortable. As a result, a sizable chunk of what is considered garbage can be recycled and reused. Only 0.7% of domestic garbage in Sweden is utilized by burying on the special polygons.

Another aspect of environmental care in Sweden is a sustainable consumption.
I live surrounded by the second-hand shops with used clothes, furniture, utensil and even household equipment. There are several places in the city where flea markets and garage sales take place; in Sweden they are called 'Loppis'. Such places are popular among the Swedes, because on the one hand, one can find rare and unique items at a low price, and on the other hand, such way people prevent the process of reproduction, and implicitly lower the amount of trash throwing out.
If you can't wait to visit a city of eco-future, then here you go, Vastra Hamnen district in Malmö. Former industrial area on the outskirts of the city is now an urbanist dream, and, more importantly, there are no harmful pollution of any sort.


If you can't wait to visit a city of eco-future, then here you go, Vastra Hamnen district in Malmö. Former industrial area on the outskirts of the city is now an urbanist dream, and, more importantly, there are no harmful pollution of any sort.
The wind turbines and solar batteries produce the entirety of electro energy. The Swedes sort the garbage out which is then recycled. Moreover, we don't even need to burn the fuel for heating, as the system of seasonal thermal energy storage (STES) does the job. In the summertime, energy accumulated by the solar batteries is used for heating water, which is then injected into the underground wells, heating the ground. The warmth underground lasts for a long time, and is then used to heat the buildings. The cooling process happens analogically. Thuswise Vastra Hamnen is considered to be carbon-neutral – it doesn't pollute an atmosphere in any way. By the year 2020 whole Malmö should be carbon-neutral.
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